Know to get Pregnant with Obesity
Being very overweight that is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of more than 30 is increasingly common. About 15-20% of pregnant women are now in this category. So, BMI is a measurement of how overweight you are and is calculated using your weight and height. Before you get pregnant you could make use of the BMI healthy weight calculator to work out if you are overweight. But once you are pregnant this could not be accurate.
The best way to guard your health and your baby’s wellbeing falls to lose weight before you become pregnant. By attaining a healthy weight, you enlarge your chances of conceiving naturally and cut your risk of the problems related with being overweight in pregnancy. If you get pregnant before losing weight, try not to worry – good antenatal care could assist in minimizing any risks to you and your baby.
During the Pregnancy
If you are very overweight and you are pregnant, do not try to lose weight during your pregnancy as this may not be safe. Even though there are risks related with being obese during pregnancy, there is no evidence that losing weight while you are pregnant will diminish these risks.
The best way to look after your health and your baby’s health is to go to all your antenatal appointments so that the doctor and any other health professionals could keep an eye on you both. They can manage the risks that you might face owing to your weight, and act to prevent – or deal with any problems.
Also this is important to eat a healthy, balanced diet and obtain some physical activity every day. You should be given referral to a dietitian or the other health professional for personalized advice on healthy eating and how to be physically active during your pregnancy. So, being physically active in pregnancy will not hurt your baby.
Tips for Healthy Eating
I. Eating and exercise
Eating healthily and doing activities such as walking and swimming is good for all pregnant women. If you were not active before pregnancy, it is a good idea to discuss with your doctor before beginning a new exercise regime when you are pregnant.
If you establish an aerobic exercise programme, inform the instructor that you are pregnant and begin with no more than 15 minutes of incessant exercise, 3 times a week. Enlarge this slowly to daily 30-minute sessions.
Bear in mind that exercise does not have to be tiring to be beneficial. As a general rule, you should be able to do a conversation as you exercise while pregnant. If you turn into breathless as you talk, you are probably exercising too tirelessly.
II. Your care in pregnancy
If you become pregnant before losing weight, you will be tested for gestational diabetes. Also, you may be referred to an anesthetist to talk about issues such as having an epidural during labour. You are more likely to require this type of pain relief as the very overweight women are more likely to have an instrumental delivery, and it could be difficult for the epidural to be offered.
If you are overweight, talk about your birth options with your doctor, as there are restrictions on which women could securely bring at home. Because obese women are more likely to need forceps, ventouse or caesarean to give birth, this is generally safer to choose for a hospital birth where there is faster access to the medical care and pain relief options, if desirable.
III.Risks to being overweight in pregnancy
If you have a BMI over 30, extra problems for you take in:
- Gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure and pre-eclampsia
- Blood clots
- Infection (urine and post-caesarean wound infections)
- Hemorrhage after the birth
- Problems with breastfeeding
- Having a baby with an abnormally high birth weight
- You are also more likely to need:
- induction and instrumental (ventouse or forceps) delivery
- caesarean section